Plenty of mushrooms can be grown in a relatively small space. The essentials for mushrooms to thrive are:
- Fresh air
- A low level light cycle – 12 on 12 off
- Relative humidity of 80% and upwards
- The appropriate temperature for the mushroom culture
To accomplish this you will at least need a grow house or dedicated space. A well insulated Wendy House can work perfectly. Cover the inside with a layer of plastic, then a layer of 50mm isotherm and clad that with Nutec(fibre cement) board or similar. Paint the inside of your grow house with PVA paint that includes an anti-fungal supplement – this will prevent black mold on the walls. It is also advisable to have a drain and concrete slab as flooring in your grow house to be able to maintain a relative sterile environment.
When looking at the fresh air requirements for your grow space, most mushrooms need the air to be exchanged 4 times an hour. Work out the cubic meter space and purchase a fan than can push fresh air into your grow room at least four times per hour. Rather push air in than extract air, this will maintain a positive pressure in the grow space. Have a covered exhaust exit on the opposite side of the grow room.
For humidification I prefer using the ultrasonic humidifiers available from Green Thumb Hydro or elsewhere.
For lighting use LED strip lights, these will cost you less in the long term. Have them on a 12 hour timer switch.
For winter temperature control, have one or two wall mounted eco-heaters on a thermostatic switch to control the exact temperature.
To be successful at growing mushrooms, it is advisable to have a separate room for incubation, this room stays dark, but will also need fresh air input, as well as the correct incubation temperature for the choice of mushroom culture.