Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are one of the leading causes of death globally. Despite advancements in modern medicine, the prevalence of CVDs continues to increase. Therefore, it is crucial to search for new and effective methods to prevent and treat CVDs. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the use of medicinal mushrooms for cardiovascular health.
Medicinal mushrooms have been used for centuries in traditional medicine for various health benefits. They are a rich source of bioactive compounds such as polysaccharides, terpenoids, flavonoids, and peptides, which have been shown to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and cardio-protective properties.
The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of the current scientific evidence on the use of medicinal mushrooms for cardiovascular health. The article will focus on the bioactive compounds present in medicinal mushrooms and their potential mechanisms of action for preventing and treating CVDs.
A comprehensive literature search was conducted in electronic databases including PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar, to identify relevant studies on medicinal mushrooms and cardiovascular health. The search was performed using keywords such as “medicinal mushrooms”, “cardiovascular health”, “polysaccharides”, “terpenoids”, “flavonoids”, and “peptides”. Only English-language articles published up to 2021 were included in this review.
Several medicinal mushrooms have been shown to have potential benefits for cardiovascular health. These include species such as Agaricus blazei, Cordyceps sinensis, Ganoderma lucidum, Hericium erinaceus, Pleurotus ostreatus, and Trametes versicolor.
Agaricus blazei is a medicinal mushroom that has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, which may help to prevent CVDs. Cordyceps sinensis has been shown to improve blood flow and reduce oxidative stress, which may help to prevent CVDs. Ganoderma lucidum has been shown to reduce inflammation, oxidative stress, and improve blood lipid levels, which may help to prevent and treat CVDs.
Hericium erinaceus has been shown to reduce oxidative stress and improve blood lipid levels, which may help to prevent CVDs. Pleurotus ostreatus has been shown to reduce oxidative stress and improve blood flow, which may help to prevent CVDs. Trametes versicolor has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, which may help to prevent CVDs.
In conclusion, medicinal mushrooms have been shown to have potential benefits for cardiovascular health. Further studies are needed to fully understand the mechanisms of action and to determine the optimal doses and duration of treatment. However, the available evidence suggests that medicinal mushrooms may be a promising natural remedy for preventing and treating CVDs.
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