Dish Culture | Pleurotus ostreatus | Oyster Mushroom | PDA Substrate (Potato Dextrose Agar).
Scientific name: Pleurotus ostreatus
Common names: Oyster Mushroom, Hiratake, Tamogitake, Píng Gu, Sadafi, Chippikkoon, Oyster Shelf, Tree Oyster, Straw Mushroom
Natural habitat: Mainly on dying or dead broadleaf hardwoods. Common all around the world.
Appropriate substrate: Straw, paper, coffee pulp, cornstalks, sugarcane bagasse, hardwood (cottonwoods, oaks, alders, maples, aspens, ash, beech, birch, elm, willows, poplars)
Usage: Edible mushroom, vital mushroom
The tree oyster is very simple to cultivate. The mycelium of this pleurotus species is very robust and therefore very popular in commercial cultivation. Fruiting bodies become 5 to 15 cm in diameter. The cap is grayish brown to violet.
Pleurotus is rich in B-vitamins such as thiamine, riboflavin, and niacin, vitamin C, vitamin D (calciferol) and folic acid. One fourth of the dry matter of pleurotus is proteins, containing all essential amino acids. The most important compounds of pleurotus are lovastatin and the polysaccharide pleuran.
Incubation Temp: 18 – 22 ˚C
Duration: 12 – 21 days
Fresh Air Exchange: 1 per hour
Initiation Temp: 12 – 16 ˚C
Relative Humidity: 95 – 100%
Duration: 3 – 5 Days
Fresh Air Exchange: 4 – 8 per hour
Light Requirement: 750 – 1500 lux
Temp: 16 – 24 ˚C
Relative Humidity: 85 – 90%
Duration: 4 – 7 Days (Relative to temperature)
Fresh Air Exchange: 4 – 8 per hour (Relative to temperature)
Cropping Cycle: Three Crops, 7 – 14 days apart