Scientific name: Pleurotus eryngii
Common names: King Oyster, King Trumpet Mushroom, Boletus of the Steppes, Xìng Xào Gu, Eringi, Saesongi Peoseot
Natural habitat: The King oyster mushroom can be found primarily on the dying or dead roots of deciduous wood, especially in southern Europe and North Africa, Central Asia and southern Russia. Sometimes Eryngii can also be found on roots of roses or Apiaceae / Umbelliferae family.
Appropriate substrate: Hardwood (most suitable: oak, beech), wheat straw
Usage: Edible mushroom, vital mushroom
The King oyster mushroom produces fruiting bodies with a very delicious taste. The texture of the flesh is comparable to boletus. For cooking one may use King oyster mushrooms like boletus. Fruiting bodies have diameters 3 – 10 cm; the shaft becoming 3 – 10 cm long. The fruiting bodies of King oyster weigh up to 300 grams under good environmental conditions. Fresh fruit bodies can be stored in the fridge for about 2 weeks!
The King oyster mushroom is rich in B vitamins such as thiamine, riboflavin, and niacin, vitamin C, vitamin D (calciferol) and folic acid. One fourth of the dry matter of The King oyster mushroom is proteins, containing all essential amino acids. The most important compounds of The King oyster mushroom are lovastatin and the polysaccharide pleuran.
Species: P. eryngii
Incubation Temp: 24˚C
Duration: 12 – 18 days
Initiation Temp: 12 – 16 ˚C
Relative Humidity: 95 – 100%
Duration: 4 – 5 Days
Fresh Air Exchange: 4 – 8 per hour
Light Requirement: 500 – 1000 lux
Temp: 15 – 21 ˚C
Relative Humidity: 85 – 90%
Duration: 4 – 7 Days (Relative to temperature)
Fresh Air Exchange: 4 – 5 per hour (Relative to temperature)
Cropping Cycle: Two Crops, 14 days apart
Growing King Oyster mushrooms
The below video was made by Mushfarmer – See his youtube channel: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V0O-zea5V1A&list=PLD0FFE079B49DD9FB