Scientific name: Pleurotus ostreatus (HK35)
Common names: Oyster Mushroom, Hiratake, Tamogitake, Píng Gu, Sadafi, Chippikkoon, Oyster Shelf, Tree Oyster, Straw Mushroom
Natural habitat: Mainly on dying or dead broadleaf hardwoods. Common all around the world.
Appropriate substrate: Cereal straw (wheat, oats, rye, karog ), paper, coffee pulp, cornstalks, sugarcane bagasse, hardwood (cottonwoods, oaks, alders, maples, aspens, ash, beech, birch, elm, willows, poplars) and grasses (Teff.)
Preferred substrate: Cereal straw (wheat, oats, rye, karog ) and grasses then wood.
Usage: Edible mushroom, vital mushroom
The oyster mushroom is relatively easy to cultivate. The mycelium of this Pleurotus species is robust and therefore very popular in commercial cultivation. Fruiting bodies become 5 to 15 cm in diameter. The cap is grayish brown to violet.
Pleurotus ostreatus is rich in B-vitamins such as thiamine, riboflavin, and niacin, vitamin C, vitamin D (calciferol) and folic acid. One fourth of the dry matter of Pleurotus is proteins, containing all essential amino acids. The most important compounds of pleurotus are lovastatin and the polysaccharide pleuran.
Incubation Temp: 18 – 22 ˚C
Duration: 12 – 21 days
Fresh Air Exchange: 1 per hour
Initiation Temp: 12 – 16 ˚C
Relative Humidity: 95 – 100%
Duration: 3 – 5 Days
Fresh Air Exchange: 4 – 8 per hour
Light Requirement: 750 – 1500 lux
Temp: 16 – 24 ˚C
Relative Humidity: 85 – 90%
Duration: 4 – 7 Days (Relative to temperature)
Fresh Air Exchange: 4 – 8 per hour (Relative to temperature)
Cropping Cycle: Three Crops, 7 – 14 days apart